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of family heritage in Fairfield County, Ohio.



Only members of the Fairfield County Chapter OGS may apply for membership in the Fairfield County Pioneers (FCP). Applicants for FCP must complete an FCP application form showing their Fairfield County pioneer ancestor(s), listing their descent from the pioneer ancestor(s), and proving their descent and the pioneer ancestor(s) settlement in what is now the county of Fairfield before 31 Dec 1820.

Original applications for membership in FCP must be accompanied by a $20.00 application fee, which covers as many pioneer ancestors who settled in Fairfield County prior to 31 December 1820 as the applicant can prove, either at that time or later.

The Rules of Evidence applying to membership in Fairfield County Pioneers follow and are the standards by which all FCP proof is judged. There are no exceptions.

The nature and extent of the evidence submitted as proof in all applications shall be sufficient to prove that the applicant is directly descended from the pioneer ancestor(s) named in the FCP application, and sufficient to differentiate between any two persons of the same name residing in the same area at the same time. Proof must be included to show residence in Fairfield County by 31 December 1820. Documentation MUST be provided for each date listed, even if only an approximation (i.e. born c 1785-1790 as per 1820 census).

1. Primary or collateral evidence from vital statistics, courthouse or other government records, church records, school records etc. are usually considered excellent proof.

2. Secondary evidence, such as census records, newspaper clippings, old letters, Bible or other family records CONTEMPORARY TO THE FACTS REPORTED are considered almost as authentic.

3. Circumstantial evidence, implied facts or hearsay are NOT accepted as proof unless backed up by primary or secondary evidence.

4. Oral, written, or published family traditions may be wrong and are NOT accepted as proof.

5. Printed or manuscript genealogies, genealogical records or compilations, family group sheets and charts, family reunion records and similar material are not considered proof. Unsupported information from an amateur or a professional genealogist is not acceptable, including such records printed in any genealogical, historical or similar publication.

6. Lineage papers, accepted or unaccepted, from other patriotic or hereditary societies by themselves are not considered proof. The document copies which were used to prove the lineage MIGHT be considered proof for FCP if they follow these rules.

7. Material authored by the applicant or a member of his or her family cannot be considered as proof.

8. Documents used as proof must, either alone or in conjunction with other acceptable documents, actually STATE THE FACT TO BE PROVED.

Examples of implied proof which are not acceptable are:
A. Unnamed individuals specified in court records as "heirs" or "heirs-at-law" unless it is known that applicable laws at the time included only bloodline descendants.

B. Census records which show the name of the head of the family only, along with numbers of family members or others by age group, prove only the family head actually named. Next door or close neighbors on a census or tax record do not prove any relationship by themselves.

C. A father is not proved as being in an area just because his child was born there. The birth only proves the mother was there!

D. Blood descent is not necessarily proved by owning the same land as an earlier owner by the same name, whether the land was inherited or purchased.

9. Documents written or printed in a foreign language must be accompanied by a translation into English and the translation certified as a "true translation" by the translator (not the applicant or a family member).

10. Old letters or family records can be accepted as proof for only the facts that the writer could logically know as CONTEMPORARY KNOWLEDGE. Identification of the writer and the date is necessary. County histories or other published biographies also should have been written by someone with contemporary knowledge, not hearsay, to be acceptable.

11. Land or tax records are acceptable only if they specify that the individual was a resident of Fairfield County, since many early landowners and speculators never lived in Fairfield County.

12. Female ancestors living in Fairfield County before 1820 must be identified by their maiden names. Exceptions are made only in the case of African Americans and Native Americans, and only when such ethnicity is proved.

13. Illegitimacy is not grounds for denial.

14. A direct line from applicant to pioneer ancestor must be proved at every step. Collateral descent is not applicable. Adopted children do not qualify as a step in lineage. Blood line descent only is acceptable.

15. All proof documents must state their source. Proof is required for each date listed. Bible records must include a photocopy of the title page with publication date and current owner's name and address.

16. Typed, handwritten or printed copies of original documents must be certified as a "TRUE COPY" by a courthouse or other official, or a librarian, etc. An applicant or member of his or her family cannot certify a document as a "TRUE COPY." Photocopies of original documents are acceptable as copied if there are no changes on the original.

17. Married female applicants must include a copy of their marriage record to prove their change of name.

18. Photographs of tombstones are acceptable for proof of birth and death dates and for relationships
actually stated on the stone. Published compilations of tombstone readings are acceptable if no
additional information has been written in that is not on the stones themselves.

19. If an ancestor has been previously proved by another individual, the applicant may submit proof
only to the nearest common ancestor, if so desired. A citation to the name and number of the FCP member should be included.

20. Deadline for applications is November 1 of each year.

21. Reminder: a statement is not necessarily true just because it's in print.

To fill out an application, you can send a SASE along with your request to:

Fairfield County Chapter, OGS
P.O. Box 1470
Lancaster, Ohio 43130-0570

or you can print out the online application and send to the above address.

Questions or comments can be sent to:

Alice Stevens at recsec@fairfieldgenealogy.org



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